in|cum|bent

in|cum|bent
in|cum|bent «ihn KUHM buhnt», adjective, noun.
–adj.
1. resting (on a person) as a duty: »

She felt it incumbent upon her to answer the letter at once. I have come home with a deep sense of the duty incumbent upon me (William Ewart Gladstone).

SYNONYM(S): binding, obligatory.
2. currently holding an office or position: »

the incumbent governor, the incumbent Republican candidate.

3. lying, leaning, or pressing on something.
4. Botany. a) (of an another) lying flat against the inner side of the filament. b) (of cotyledons) having the back of one against the hypocotyl.
5. Geology. overlying; resting (upon): »

an incumbent stratum.

6. Archaic. overhanging.
–n.
a person holding an office, position, or benefice: »

An incumbent who has done a good job in office and has shown that he is progressive, intelligent, fearless, and alert…should be returned to office (New York Times).

[< Latin incumbēns, -entis, present participle of incumbere lie (down) on, lean on < in- on + -cumbere lay oneself, related to cubāre lie2]
in|cum´bent|ly, adverb.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • in|cum´bent|ly — in|cum|bent «ihn KUHM buhnt», adjective, noun. –adj. 1. resting (on a person) as a duty: »She felt it incumbent upon her to answer the letter at once. I have come home with a deep sense of the duty incumbent upon me (William Ewart Gladstone).… …   Useful english dictionary

  • re|cum´bent|ly — re|cum|bent «rih KUHM buhnt», adjective. 1. lying down; reclining; leaning. 2. Figurative. inactive; idle; listless. 3. Biology. leaning or resting on anything: »a recumbent plant …   Useful english dictionary

  • re|cum|bent — «rih KUHM buhnt», adjective. 1. lying down; reclining; leaning. 2. Figurative. inactive; idle; listless. 3. Biology. leaning or resting on anything: »a recumbent plant …   Useful english dictionary

  • ac|cum|bent — «uh KUHM buhnt», adjective. 1. Botany. lying against something. 2. reclining, as at a table. ╂[< Latin accumbēns, entis, present participle of accumbere lie down < ad to + cumbere lie down] …   Useful english dictionary

  • de|cum|bent — «dih KUHM buhnt», adjective. 1. Botany. lying or trailing on the ground with the end tending to climb: »decumbent stems or branches. 2. lying down; reclining. ╂[< Latin dēcumbēns, entis, present participle of dēcumbere lie down < dē down +… …   Useful english dictionary

  • pro|cum|bent — «proh KUHM buhnt», adjective. 1. lying face down; prone; prostrate. 2. lying or trailing along the ground but not sending down roots: »a procumbent plant or stem. SYNONYM(S): trailing. ╂[< Latin prōcumbēns, entis, present participle of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • sem|i|re|cum|bent — «SEHM ee rih KUHM buhnt», adjective. semiprone; partly recumbent …   Useful english dictionary

  • su|per|in|cum|bent — «SOO puhr ihn KUHM buhnt», adjective. 1. lying or resting on something else; overlying (chiefly in scientific use). 2. situated or suspended above; overhanging: »It can scarce uplift The weight of the superincumbent hour (Shelley). 3. exerted… …   Useful english dictionary

  • cum — cum·bent; cum·ber·land; cum·ber·some; cum·ber·some·ly; cum·ber·some·ness; cum·brance; cum·brous; cum·brous·ly; cum·brous·ness; cum·bu; cum; cum·in; cum·i·nal·de·hyde; cum·ly; cum·mer; cum·mer·bund; cum·ming·ton·ite; cum·mock; de·cum·ben·cy;… …   English syllables

  • re·cum·bent — /rıˈkʌmbənt/ adj formal : lying down The Egyptian sphinx has the body of a recumbent lion. a recumbent position …   Useful english dictionary

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